Explaining different psychological approaches in health

However, it has been criticized in the way that it over emphasizes the importance of sexuality and under emphasized of the role of social relationships.

Thus powerful tests of the effects of genes can be made. There must be biological factors involved. However, this shapes the way we think about ourselves and society and paints a negative imagine in our mind. One positive health campaigner is Jamie Oliver, he is well known for his campaign of heathy foods in schools and hospitals.

In cases like this the best course of action for the therapist is to apply the principles of classical conditioning. As an alternative, the humanist approach relies on qualitative research methods like diary accounts, open-ended questionnaires, unstructured interviews, and observations on an individual level to discover the ways people think and feel.

These include systematic desensitization for phobias step-by-step exposed to a feared stimulus at once and aversion therapy. Behaviourists have used desensitisation treatment to treat phobias.

Unit 8 Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care

They begin to have role models and decide what they want to be. Behaviors may even be sexually selected, i. Mind consists of the following parts of personality: Additionally, a positive reinforce could possibly be having good time when consuming alcohol, and so desiring to endure this on an additional instances.

Freud, the founder of psychoanalysisexplained the human mind as like an iceberg, with only a small amount of it being visible, that is our observable behavior, but it is the unconscious, submerged mind that has the most, underlying influence on our behavior. A therapist would have to apply the humanist approach.

Explain Different Psychological Approaches to Health Practice

They emphasize the importance of either environmental or innate influences on human behaviour. But in some cases, genes can be a factor to our behaviour. The approach interprets that psychological factors play a major role in determining behaviour and shaping personality, Freud says that everyone was born with the ID which was in our unconscious which made us selfish and unaware.

Biological Psychology We can thank Charles Darwin for demonstrating the idea that genetics and evolution play a role in influencing human behavior through natural selection. Twins share many aspects of their environment e.

For this reason, it is important that psychology does have different perspectives on the understanding and study of human and animal behavior.

Psychology Perspectives

The humanistic approach is person centred it focuses more on the person as an individual. According to the Bobo experiment that was carried out by Bandura, aggression and other behaviour are learnt from our models. The Behaviourist Approach The behaviourist approach suggests that people learn through their interaction with the environment; however there are both advantages and disadvantages towards this approach.

If behaviour is punished, people learn to discontinue that behaviour. These are; Cognitive behavioural therapy — This is to help find out what is causing the problem.

The whole movement had evolved from the early philosophers, such as Aristotle and Plato. Behaviorism is concerned with how environmental factors called stimuli affect observable behavior called the response.

In essence, the child passes through stages such as oral and the anal. Arnold Gesell is a well know biological psychologist back in Id — Pleasure principle, unconscious urges and desires 2.

Unit 8: Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care

Many studies used animals which are hard to generalize to humans, and it cannot explain, for example, the speed in which we pick up language. Testosterone-deprived men are less likely to wander off in search of new mates to inseminate. The Behaviourist Approach in health and social care The main assumption of the behaviourist perspective is that all behaviour is learned and shaped by the environment.

Behaviorism is the scientific study of observable behavior working on the basis that behavior can be reduced to learned S-R Stimulus-Response units. In M2 and D1, I will be comparing the biological and the social learning perspectives in health and social care service provisions.

Both theories include reinforcement and punishment in explanations of behaviour A difference is that social learning theories recognises the fact that the learner plays and imperative and active part in their learning.

Many biological psychologists have concentrated on abnormal behavior and have tried to explain it. It also offers children with natural opportunities to connect in real and meaningful activities that improve physical, language, social, and cognitive development. The behaviourist approach is used in a health and social care setting to do similar things as the health care services.

Unit 8: Understanding The Psychological Perspectives for Health & Social Care

P3 — This approach can be applied in social care practice such as within a school. Consequences can have both positive and negative reinforcement.

Being seen positively helps us to feel valued, respected and loved. People with depression view themselves and their surroundings in a negative way. Children observe people models around them, especially behaviour; this is proven during the famous Bobo doll experiment.Mar 20,  · In this section of my assignment I will be explaining different psychological approaches to social care practice.

I will start of by talking about how the behaviourists apply their approach in social care practice then I will explain how the cognitive approach is used in social care.

Unit 8 Psychological Perspectives for Health and Social Care

You may wonder why there are so many different psychology perspectives and whether one approach is correct and others wrong. Below is a summary of the six main psychological approaches (sometimes called perspectives) in psychology.

or build upon one another (biological and health psychologist) can we understand and create effective. Feb 29,  · P2: Provide an explanation of the different psychological approaches to health care practice.

P3: Provide an explanation of the different psychological approaches to social care practice. Within this section of the assignment I will be explaining the different psychological approaches to health and social care practice.

Different Psychological Approaches Of Health Practice Words | 11 Pages. P2 Explain different psychological approaches to health practice. Behaviourist approach- The behaviourist approach is a classical conditioning and an example of this would be in a hospital.

(P2) – Explain different psychological approaches to health practice. (P3) – Explain different psychological approaches to social care practice. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice will be outlined and explained.

Health practice. Explain different psychological approaches to health practice. (P3) – Explain different psychological approaches to social care practice. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice will be outlined and explained.

Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities.

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Explaining different psychological approaches in health
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